Avoiding PCB Exposure: Simple Preventive Measures

Key takeaways:

  • PCBs, or polychlorinated biphenyls, are harmful chemicals that can cause cancer and other health issues. They've been banned since 1979 but are still in the environment.
  • Buildings made before 1979 may have materials with PCBs. Be careful when renovating or handling old electrical equipment to avoid contact.
  • Seeing a doctor regularly for check-ups can spot early signs of illnesses caused by PCB exposure, especially for those who worked closely with these chemicals in the past.

Overview of Avoiding PCB Exposure

On this page, we’ll discuss preventative measures for avoiding PCB exposure, potential settlement values in the PCB exposure lawsuit, health risks associated with PCB contamination, and much more.

Avoiding PCB Exposure Simple Preventive Measures

Intro to PCB Exposure

PCBs taint the world through contaminated food chains and aging electrical equipment; they find ways into our bodies and have potential consequences that cannot be ignored.

Addressing this invisible threat requires knowledge and vigilance—know what you’re up against to protect yourself and your loved ones effectively.

If you or someone you love believes they’ve experienced PCB exposure, you may qualify to pursue compensation.

Contact TruLawsuit Info using the chat on this page to receive an instant case evaluation today.

Table of Contents

Understanding Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)

Polychlorinated Biphenyls, or PCBs, are a group of man-made chemicals that have historically been utilized in various industrial and commercial applications.

Their stability and insulating properties made them valuable; however, concerns over environmental persistence and health impacts led to widespread regulatory actions.

What Are PCBs?

PCBs stand for polychlorinated biphenyls.

These are chemicals made up of carbon, hydrogen, and chlorine atoms.

PCBs were created by people and used in many products since 1929.

They do not break down easily and can last a very long time in the environment.

These substances found their way into everything from electrical devices to hydraulic oils.

PCB mixtures also got into paints, plastics, and rubber products.

Even though they stopped making PCBs in 1979 because of their risks, these chemicals still lurk around us.

Many items made before 1979 might still contain PCBs if they haven’t been thrown away or replaced yet.

This is important because even small amounts of these toxins can affect health over time.

Commercial Uses for PCBs

PCBs have found their way into many products over the years.

They were in electrical equipment like transformers and capacitors because they don’t burn easily and are good insulators.

Factories also used PCBs to make plastics more flexible.

Even paints, dyes, and ink for copy paper had PCBs added to them.

Before 1979, these chemicals were everywhere–in homes, offices, and factories.

Fluorescent light ballasts contained PCBs to help prevent fires.

Old adhesives kept things stuck together with the help of PCBs, too.

People didn’t know then how dangerous these chemicals could be.

Today, we do not use materials with harmful substances like PCBs.

Safe alternatives have replaced old uses of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).

We now look for ways to live without risking our health or environment due to exposure to past commercial PCB mixtures.

Inadvertent PCBs

Sometimes, we find PCBs in places they were never meant to be.

Even though many products that intentionally contain PCBs are not made anymore, these toxic substances can still pop up unintentionally in other products.

It happens because some old equipment and materials from before the 1979 ban might break down or get recycled into new items.

This means bits of PCBs can show up in things around us without anyone planning it.

To keep ourselves safe, we need to understand where these hidden sources might be and stay away from them.

For example, electrical gear like transformers and capacitors may have small amounts of PCBs if they were made with parts from before their production was stopped.

Health Risks Associated with PCB Exposure

The myriad health risks linked to PCB exposure encompass an array of detrimental effects on human well-being, ranging from chronic diseases to acute bodily disruptions.

These concerns highlight the importance of awareness and prevention as exposure to these chemicals has been correlated with serious conditions that impact multiple body systems, affirming the need for education on this critical public health issue.

Cancer Risk

PCBs, or polychlorinated biphenyls, are known to increase the risk of several types of cancer.

Studies show people who have been exposed to PCBs may be more likely to develop liver, gallbladder, and brain cancer.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma and melanoma are also on that list.

These chemicals can cause serious harm to your body.

Experts classify PCBs as Group 1 carcinogens.

This means they’re in the same danger category as asbestos and tobacco smoke.

They’re not just possibly harmful; they’re a clear threat, according to strong evidence from both human and animal studies.

Animal research has provided many clues about how dangerous PCBs can be.

The Environmental Protection Agency reviewed lots of studies before concluding PCBs probably cause cancer in humans, too.

Lawsuits often focus on illnesses caused by these substances because their effects last a long time after exposure.

People with high levels of PCBs need medical tests to check for cancers like melanoma or liver tumors regularly since these conditions can take years to appear.

Eating lots of fish from contaminated waters is one way you might get a lot of PCBs into your system without realizing it until much later when health problems start showing up.

Neurological Effects

PCB exposure can harm the brain.

It might slow down motor skills and make remembering or paying attention hard. This is critical because these abilities are important for everyday tasks.

Studies show that kids whose moms were around a lot of PCBs may not do as well at school.

They could struggle with words, have trouble reading, and find it tough to stay focused on tasks.

If pregnant women eat fish with PCBs, their babies might face serious health challenges.

These newborns may have problems with how they act and learn as they grow up.

Even more concerning, some effects from early exposure don’t go away quickly.

Children exposed right before or after birth could gain weight slowly, respond less to people around them, and not do so well in tests that check their ability to recognize things they see.

Parents should be aware of the risks of PCB-contaminated food items like fish from polluted lakes or rivers.

Making safe choices about what you eat can protect your family’s brains and bodies from potential damage caused by these chemicals.

Endocrine Effects

PCBs disrupt the endocrine system, which controls hormones in our bodies.

These chemicals can change thyroid hormone levels, leading to health problems like diabetes.

In pregnant women, PCBs affect both them and their babies.

The chemicals lower the mother’s thyroid hormones, and infants may have more thyroid-stimulating hormone in their blood.

This disruption also hits reproduction hard.

It can mess with menstrual cycles and even make it tougher for couples to conceive.

In animals and people alike, these effects are clear: birth weights drop, fewer babies are born, and conception rates fall.

Our bodies’ defenses weaken, too; PCBs toss a wrench into how well our immune systems work against illnesses.

Reproductive Effects

Exposure to PCBs can seriously hurt our ability to have children.

Women who eat fish laced with these chemicals may face harder times getting pregnant.

They might also suffer more miscarriages.

In some animals, like monkeys and mice, scientists have seen that PCBs cause babies to weigh less and make it harder for them to be born alive.

PCBs don’t just affect women.

Men’s health can take a hit, too, leading to lower sperm counts and other problems that make it tough to start a family.

Steering clear of PCBs is super important for people dreaming of having kids one day.

Protecting ourselves from these risky substances could mean a better chance at healthy pregnancies and happy families in the future.

Immune Effects

PCBs harm your immune system.

Your thymus gland might get smaller if you touch or eat things with PCBs.

This gland helps fight off sickness. You could get sick more often when it’s not the right size.

Even a cold or the flu can hit harder.

Some people with weak immune systems face bigger risks from PCBs.

They might catch pneumonia or other serious infections more easily than others.

It’s important to stay away from PCB-contaminated fish and places if your immune defenses are low.

PCB pollution does more than just weaken our body’s guards against germs; it may help cancers grow, too.

Scientists think that when PCBs turn down the immune response, cancer finds an easier path to develop in someone’s body.

Common Sources of PCB Exposure

Polychlorinated biphenyls, commonly known as PCBs, find their way into the environment—and ultimately our bodies—through various channels.

Common Sources of PCB Exposure

Surprisingly, day-to-day activities and certain products can be prolific sources of this contamination; being informed about these vectors is a critical step toward minimizing potential risks to health.

Contaminated Food Items

Eating contaminated food is a major way people are exposed to PCBs.

These chemicals remain in the environment for a long time and build up in our food.

PCB contamination in food items is often a result of these environmental and industrial factors:

  • Foods from contaminated lakes and rivers often have high levels of PCBs. Fish that live in these waters can carry the toxins in their bodies.
  • Dairy products and meats can also have PCBs. The animals eat contaminated plants or feed, which passes the chemicals into milk and meat.
  • Unsafe handling of hazardous waste sites contributes to soil contamination. This leads to PCBs entering plants that we later consume.
  • Electrical transformers that once used PCB oils may leak, seeping into the ground where crops grow.
  • Improper disposal of old fluorescent lighting fixtures increases the risk of contaminating nearby areas.
  • Incinerators burning materials with PCBs release these harmful substances into the air. They then settle on farms and fields.
  • Eating fish comes with benefits, but choosing where your fish comes from is important. Some waters are known to be contaminated with PCBs.
  • Stored body fat may contain PCB residues, which can pass on from breast milk to infants. This exposure concerns mothers around the world.
  • Farm-raised fish might be exposed if their feed comes from polluted sources, leading us to consume PCB-contaminated fish without knowing it.

Building Materials

Certain old building materials can contain PCBs.

These were added to products for their fire-resistant and insulating properties.

It might have these materials if your home or workplace was built before 1979.

You could find them in things like electrical equipment and floor finish.

Older buildings may still have PCB transformers or capacitors.

If they’re not properly kept, PCBs can leak into the air you breathe.

Checking these areas helps minimize your risk of exposure to these cancer-causing chemicals.

Always handle old materials with care, especially during renovations or demolitions where PCBs might be present.

Legal Regulations Surrounding PCBs

In the United States, rigorous laws, like the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), govern the management and disposal of PCBs to protect public health and the environment.

These regulations mandate strict protocols for handling materials containing PCBs, enforcing measures limiting human exposure to these potentially harmful substances.

Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)

The Toxic Substances Control Act, or TSCA, is a key law that the EPA uses to control dangerous chemicals like PCBs.

It helps keep track of all chemicals made or used in the United States.

PCBs are on this list because they can cause harm to people and the environment.

TSCA gives the EPA the power to ask for reports, keep records, do testing, and make rules about chemical substances.

This includes actions to cut down on risks from exposure to PCBs.

The law also lets EPA enforce ways to handle and get rid of PCBs safely so that they don’t cause health problems.

Under this important act, companies must follow strict guidelines when dealing with PCBs.

They have rules on carefully making, selling, using, and throwing away these chemicals. Making sure these steps are taken seriously helps lower the chances of PCB pollution in our air and water.

PCB Hazardous Waste Regulations

PCB hazardous waste regulations are strict to protect people and the environment.

These rules can be found in Title 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations, specifically Part 761. They guide how industries must handle PCBs during use and disposal.

Companies must follow proper procedures to get rid of any PCB waste.

PCB disposal facilities have clear guidelines for safe processing.

The EPA’s website has all the details on these important regulations.

This helps prevent PCBs from harming humans or wildlife.

Preventive Measures to Avoid PCB Exposure

Taking control of our environment and health involves proactive strategies to minimize exposure to PCBs.

From dietary choices to workplace safety, comprehensive actions can protect against the potential dangers of these contaminants.

Safe Food Practices

Eating contaminated fish is how many people come into contact with PCBs.

To reduce this risk, choose fish from clean waters and check advisories about PCB levels in local fish.

It’s also smart to trim fat from fish before cooking since PCBs tend to build up in fatty tissues.

Fruits and vegetables can absorb PCBs if grown in contaminated soil or watered with tainted water.

Always wash produce thoroughly, peel skins when possible, and remove the outer leaves of leafy greens.

These steps help lower the chance of eating food with these harmful chemicals.

Cooking oils may also harbor PCBs if they’re not properly refined.

Opt for reputable brands that have strict quality controls to avoid consuming contaminated oil.

When preparing meals, focus on lean meats and plant-based dishes that are less likely to contain high levels of these dangerous substances.

Environmental Awareness

Taking care of our planet helps us all.

We can stop PCBs from harming nature by being aware and active. Learn about safe ways to get rid of old electronics and appliances.

They might have PCB capacitors inside them.

People should know where PCBs may hide in their surroundings.

Stay informed about local advisories, especially concerning fish consumption.

If your area has warnings about consumed PCB-contaminated fish, pay attention to them.

Find out which buildings have materials with PCBs.

Schools, homes, and offices built before 1979 could have these toxins.

Share what you learn with friends and family so they can avoid exposure, too!

Regular Health Check-ups

Regular health check-ups can catch problems early, such as those from PCB exposure.

Doctors look for signs of liver damage, changes in the menstrual cycle length, and other health effects.

Tests might show higher serum PCB levels if you ate PCB-contaminated fish or worked with these chemicals.

It’s key to track your health if you’ve been around PCBs.

Health screenings are especially critical for workers who handled electrical equipment before 1977.

These people have an increased risk of serious illness linked to PCBs.

Visits to the doctor help monitor any toxic responses your body may have.

They help protect against diseases like liver cancer and other cancers tied to probable human carcinogens like PCBs.

Government Response to PCB Exposure Incidents

Governments take PCB exposure incidents very seriously.

They have set up systems to handle such events quickly and safely.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) works hard to manage environmental PCB risks.

They create rules that control how we use and get rid of PCBs.

For example, strict limits exist on the amount of PCBs allowed in food and products.

Agencies also help people who may have been exposed to PCBs.

The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry offers information about health effects.

They guide what to do after contact with these chemicals.

Workers who might face PCBs at their jobs receive special attention, too.

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration sets safety standards for them.

These efforts aim to protect everyone’s health, now and in the future.


Taking steps to stay away from PCBs is important for our health.

Simple actions like eating safe foods and knowing about your environment can help a lot.

Also, getting regular health check-ups plays a key role.

These efforts support the fight against pollution and safeguard our well-being.

Remember, prevention is better than cure when dealing with harmful substances like PCBs.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • How does the National Toxicology Program help in understanding PCB risks?

    The National Toxicology Program (NTP) plays a crucial role in researching and providing information about the health effects of PCBs.

    They study how PCBs affect our health, including cancer risk and other diseases.

    The NTP’s findings are vital for creating guidelines and policies that protect public health from the dangers of PCB exposure.

  • What role does the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry play in PCB exposure incidents?

    The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) provides crucial public health information on the effects of PCB exposure.

    They offer guidance and advice to individuals and communities affected by PCB contamination.

    The ATSDR helps assess health risks, advises on safe consumption levels, and recommends reducing exposure to PCBs in contaminated areas.

  • How can I minimize PCB exposure through the food chain?

    To minimize PCB exposure through the food chain, be cautious about your fish and meat source.

    Choose fish from waters known to have low PCB contamination, and be aware of local advisories on PCB levels in fish.

    When preparing fish, remove the skin and trim fat, as PCBs accumulate in these areas.

    Also, consuming a varied diet can help reduce the risk of PCB accumulation in your body.

  • What precautions should exposed workers take to avoid PCB hazards?

    Exposed workers in industries dealing with old electrical equipment or in contaminated environments should take several precautions.

    These include wearing protective clothing and gear to prevent skin contact, using proper ventilation systems to avoid inhaling PCBs, and following workplace safety procedures for handling and disposing of materials containing PCBs.

    Regular health check-ups and monitoring for any symptoms related to PCB exposure are also essential.

  • Are there specific measures for preventing PCB exposure in older buildings?

    In older buildings, especially those constructed before 1979, it’s essential to be cautious when renovating or handling old materials containing PCBs, such as caulks, paints, and electrical fixtures.

    If you suspect the presence of PCBs, hire professionals for testing and safe removal.

    Avoid disturbing these materials unnecessarily; if removal is required, follow environmental regulations and safety guidelines to prevent PCB release and exposure.

Written By:
Jessie Paluch
Jessie Paluch

Experienced Attorney & Legal SaaS CEO

With over 25 years of legal experience, Jessie is an Illinois lawyer, a CPA, and a mother of three.  She spent the first decade of her career working as an international tax attorney at Deloitte.

In 2009, Jessie co-founded her own law firm with her husband – which has scaled to over 30 employees since its conception.

In 2016, Jessie founded TruLaw, which allows her to collaborate with attorneys and legal experts across the United States on a daily basis. This hypervaluable network of experts is what enables her to share reliable legal information with her readers!

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